Rhodiola roseaRhodiola rosea - a perennial herb with thick rootstock and short straight off of it few roots. The rhizome is covered with scale-like triangular webbed leaves, forms a somewhat upright, nevetvistyh stem height from 6 to 40 inches. Leaves on stems are oblong-ovate or elliptic, acuminate, flowers are collected in the corymbose inflorescence, golden-yellow, bisexual, fruit - fliers. Blooms in June - July, the fruits ripen in August. Optimal conditions for a normal existence in the wild - an abundant moisture flowing, the presence of a large number of fine soil and silt particles, demolished with high relief. Under these conditions, Rhodiola rosea dominated cenosis and productive forms thickets with an average margin of 400 to 1000 kg per 1 hectare, and average weight of roots 40 - 80 grams.
Rhodiola presented 50 kinds of them in our country grow 22 species (in particular, Rhodiola cool - bright red, Rhodiola Litvinov - raznozubchataya, linear-sheeted, etc.). By the action of some of them can compete with Rhodiola rosea. Ancient appreciated this plant. The people of many countries used the leaves of Rhodiola rosea in the food (in Europe and now are preparing salads). The plant belongs to the group tonics, and like all members of this group, covered with legends. The peoples of the Altai carefully concealed places of growth of this amazing plant, and the secrets of the golden root only pass to their heirs in the male line - all this and thickening the mysterious veil which for centuries been shrouded by the root. Underground parts of plants still in the distant past were the subject of a lively trade, and had not only the medical use but also economic. A Chinese emperors for centuries filled the special expedition in search of the unusual root and transported it across the border. The indigenous population of Altai applied Rhodiola rosea as a means of relieving fatigue, and improves the general condition. Even now Altai shepherds and hunters during a difficult transition a cup of special tea, using as a welding Rhodiola - "generally to be healthy ...».< br>
Raw material contains phenolic glycosides, lactones, tannins, organic acids, flavonoids. With a tonic, antiseptic, astringent action, Rhodiola rosea has been applied in cosmetology and dermatology.
In the form of decoction and infusion are used for seborrheic dermatitis, edema, toning effect is used to smooth wrinkles on the face and neck in the form of lotions, mouthwashes ; use for acne, skin shirokoporistoy and as a means of sweating.
oil obtained from the rhizomes and roots, very fragrant, used in perfumes and cosmetics as a tonic additives in creams, lotions, masks.
this plant was so immoderate, that was the glory of Rhodiola Panacea - remedy for all diseases, it began selling in the market, posing for Siberian ginseng. As a result of uncontrolled preparations available in some areas of the range, a sharp decline, and places and complete destruction of its stockpiles. A restored it for a long time - decades, as growing slowly. The plant is introduced into the culture.